Luc Bovens



Most of the links below require institutional access to particular archives.  For more links and abstracts of some of the papers below, visit my page on PhilPapers.  See also LSE Research and Expertise.





Why Couldn’t I Be Nudged to Dislike a Big Mac?Journal of Medical Ethics, 39 (8), 495-6.


Minimizing the Threat of a Positive Majority Deficit in Two-Tier Voting Systems with Equipopulous UnitsPublic Choice, 154 (1-2), 75-94


Greece, Portugal, Spain and the East European states take on less than their fair share of responsibility for EU asylum seekers’ In: European Politics and Policy at LSE Blog.  April 29, 2013 (with Günperi Sisman)


De Verantwoordelijkheid van de Overheid ten aanzien van Gedragssturende Beleidsinstrumenten voor Verduurzaming’ (‘The Responsibility of Government for Soft Sustainability Policies’ [In Dutch]  In: Duurzame Gedragspatronen Essays. Ethische aspecten van gedrags-beïnvloeding door de overheid voor verduurzaming van de samenleving. RLI (Raad voor Leefomgeving en Infrastructuur) publication.  August 2013. 66-78.   





Evaluating Life or Death Prospects’ Economics and Philosophy, 28 (2), 217-249 (with Marc Fleurbaey)


Does it Matter whether a Miracle-Like Event Happens to Oneself rather than to Someone Else? In: Chandler, J. and Harrison, V. (eds.) Probability in the Philosophy of   Religion, Oxford University Press, 2011 (with appendix by Claus Beisbart)


Measuring common standards and equal responsibility sharing in EU asylum outcome dataEuropean Union Politics, 13 (1) 70-93 (with Chlump Chatkupt and Laura Smead)


Real Nudge European Journal of Risk Regulation, 1, 43-46.





Equalising constituency sizes is likely to reduce the electoral bias in favour of Labour but only minimally so. Much of the bias is likely to remain because it is due to other factors such as turnout and vote distribution.’ In: British Politics and Policy at LSE Blog.  December 2, 2011 (with Claus Beisbart)


Bets on HatsOn  Dutch Books Against Groups, Degrees of Belief as Betting Rates, and Group-Reflection Episteme, 8 (3): 281-300, (2011) (with Wlodek Rabinowicz)


Measuring Voting Power for Dependent Voters through Causal Models Synthese, 179 (1): 35-56, (2011) (with Claus Beisbart)





The Puzzle of the HatsSynthese, 172 (1). 57-78 (2010) (with Wlodek Rabinowicz)


 A Lockean Defence of Grandfathering Emission Rights’ in: The Ethics of Global Climate Change. Denis Arnold (ed.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.


Nudges and Cultural Variance: a Note on Selinger and WhyteKnowledge, Technology and Policy, 23: 483-6, (2010).


Monty Hall Drives a Wedge between Judy Benjamin and the Sleeping Beauty: a Reply to BovensAnalysis, 70 (3): 473-81, (2010) (with José Luis Ferreira)  


Judy Benjamin is a Sleeping BeautyAnalysis, 70 (1), 23-6 (2010). 


Interview’ In: Probability and Statistics: 5 Questions. Edited by Vincent Hendricks and Alan Hajek. Automatic Press,

13-28, (2010).





Condoms, HIV-Discordant Couples and the Doctrine of Double EffectJournal of Medical Ethics, 35: 743-6, (2009).


Must I Be Forgiven?Analysis, 69, 2, pp. 227-33 (2009)


The Ethics of Nudge’ In: Till Grüne-Yanoff and S.O. Hansson (2008) Preference Change: Approaches from Philosophy, Economics and Psychology, Berlin and New York: Springer, Theory and Decision Library A, Chapter 10. pp. 207-220. 


A Dutch Book for Group Decision MakingIn: Löwe, Benedikt and Pacuit, Eric and Romeijn, Jan-Willem, (eds.) Foundations of the formal sciences VI: probabilistic reasoning and reasoning with probabilities. Studies in Logic (16). College Publications, London, UK, 91-101 (2009)  





A Power Measure Analysis of Amendment 36 in ColoradoPublic Choice, 134, 3-2, pp. 231-46 (2008) 


Interview’ In: Epistemology: 5 QuestionsEdited by Vincent Hendricks and Duncan Pritchard. Automatic Press, 2008.


Vergiffenis in Elsschot’s Het BeenBoorman vs Laarmans

  (‘Forgiveness in Elsschot’s Het Been—Boorman vs Laarmans’ in Dutch).  Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte.  100, 4. (November 2008) 


Apologies’  Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 108: 219-239 (2008)



How should the Weights be Set in a Federal Assembly?  A Welfarist Argument from Cartel Formation

Helen Bohse and Sven Walter (eds.) (2007). Selected Contributions to GAP.6, Sixth International Conference of the Society for Analytical Philosophy, Berlin, 11–14 September 2006. (CD-ROM) Paderborn: mentis. (with Claus Beisbart)


Welfare Evaluations of Decision Rules for Boards of Representatives

Social Choice and Welfare, 29, (2007) pp. 581–608. (with Claus Beisbart)


Factions in Rousseau’s Du Contrat Social and Federal Representation

Analysis, 67, (2007), pp. 12-20 (with Claus Beisbart)


Four Brides for Twelve Brothers – How to Dutch Book a Groups of Fully Rational Players

In: T. Ronnow-Rasmussion (eds.) Hommage a Wlodek—Philosophical Papers dedicated to Wlodek Rabinowicz



Bayesian Epistemology.  Special Issue of Synthese (2007)  (Edited with Stephan Hartmann)





The Rhythm Method and Embryonic Death

Journal of Medical Ethics, 32, (2006), pp. 355-56

This article is reviewed in the New York Times, June 13, 2006:


Democratic Answers to Complex Questions—an Epistemic Perspective

In: Synthese, 150, 1 (2006), pp. 131-53. (with Wlodek Rabinowicz)


The Doctrinal Paradox and the Mixed-Motivation Problem

In: Analysis, 66 (2006), pp 35-8


An Impossibility Result for Coherence Rankings

In: Philosophical Studies, 128 (2006), pp. 77-91 (with Stephan Hartmann)


Welfare, Voting and the Constitution of a Federal Assembly

Forthcoming in: Reasoning, Rationality and Probability, Edited by M.C. Galavotti, R. Scazzieri, and P. Suppes (eds.) Stanford: CSLI Publications, 2006 (with Stephan Hartmann)


Nancy Cartwright’s Philosophy of Science.  Routledge, 2007 (Edited with Stephan Hartmann and Carl Hoefer





Why There Cannot Be a Single Probabilistic Measure of Coherence

In: Erkenntnis, 63 (2005), pp. 361-74 (with Stephan Hartmann) (pre-publication)


A Utilitarian Assessment of Alternative Decision Rules in the Council of Ministers

In: European Union Politics, 6 (2005) pp. 395-418 (with Claus Beisbart and Stephan Hartmann)


Coherence and the Role of Specificity: A Response to Meijs and Douven

In: Mind, 114, (2005) (with Stephan Hartmann)


The Doctrinal Paradox’ (in Dutch)

In: Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Wijsbegeerte, 79 (2005), pp. 60-76 (with Wlodek Rabinowicz)


Solving the Riddle of Coherence

In: Mind, 112 (2005), 601-34 (with Stephan Hartmann)





Voting Procedures for Complex Collective Decisions—an Epistemic Perspective’  

In: Ratio Juris, 17 (2004), pp. 241-58 (with Wlodek Rabinowicz)    





Democracy and Argument: Tracking Truth in Complex Social Decisions’ (with Wlodek Rabinowicz) In: A. van Aaken, C. List and C. Luetge (2003) Deliberation and Decision. Aldershot (Ashgate Publishing), pp. 133-157.


Bayesian Epistemology, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003 (with Stephan Hartmann)

Bayesianische Erkenntnistheorie, Paderborn, Mentis, 2006.  German translation of Bayesian Epistemology (OUP, 2003) (with Stephan Hartmann)





Too Odd (not) to Be True: a Reply to Erik Olsson

In: British Journal of Philosophy of Science (with Branden Fitelson, Stephan Hartmann and Josh Snyder), 53, (2002), pp. 539-63


Believing More, Risking Less. On Coherence, Truth and Non-Trivial Extensions’ (with Erik J. Olsson) 

In: Erkenntnis, 57, (2002), pp. 137-150


 ‘Bayesian Networks and the Problem of Unreliable Instruments’ (with Stephan Hartmann)

In: Philosophy of Science, 69, (2002), pp. 29-73


The Epistemology of Social Facts: The Evidential Value of Personal Experience versus Testimony’ (with Steve Leeds)

In: Social Facts and Collective Intentionality, edited by Georg Meggle, Haensel-Hohenhausen, Frankfurt a.M. (2002), pp. 35-43





Demokratisk Argumentation - Om Juryteoremets Tillaempning paa komplexa kollektiva beslut’ (in Swedish) 

In: Tidskrift för Politisk Filosofi, 2001/1, pp. 14-37 (with Wlodek Rabinowicz)


Demokratisk och komplexa beslut – omigen (in Swedish)

In: Tidskrift för Politisk Filosofi, 2001/3, pp. 52-56 (with Wlodek Rabinowicz)


‘A Probabilistic Theory of the Coherence of an Information Set’

In: Argument and Analysis Selected Papers of the 4th International Congress of the Society for Analytical Philosophy (2001) pp. 195-206 (with Stephan Hartmann)


How to Expand your Beliefs in an Uncertain World: a Probabilistic Model

In: Informatik Berichte 8/2001 – KI2001 WorkshopEdited by G. Kern-Isberner, T. Lukasiewicz and E. Weydert, pp. 53-62 (with Stephan Hartmann)


Belief Expansion, Contextual Fit and the Reliability of Information Sources’ (with Stephan Hartmann)

In: Modeling and Using Context. Third International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2001, Dundee, UK, July 2001.  Ed. by Akman, V. Bouquet, P., Thomason, R. and Young R.A. Springer, Berlin.


Book Review: Weirich, P. Equilibrium and Rationality - Game Theory Revised by Decision Rules  Cambridge University Press, 1998, pp. 235.

In: Mind, 110, (2001), pp. 288-92





Coherentism, Reliability and Bayesian Networks’ (with Erik J. Olsson)

In: Mind, 109, (2000), pp. 685-719


Coherence, Belief Expansion and Bayesian Networks’ (with Stephan Hartmann) In: Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Non-Monotonic Reasoning, NMR'2000 Breckenridge, Colorado, USA, April 9-11, 2000.






Supervenience and Moral Realism’ (with Dalia Drai)

In: Philosophia, 27, (1999), pp. 241-245


The Two Faces of Akratics Anonymous

In: Analysis, 59, 4, (1999), pp. 230-236

Translated into the German ('Die beiden Gesichter der Anonymen Akratiker') and reprinted in: Thomas Spitzley (Ed.), Willensschwäche, Paderborn: Mentis, forthcoming (2002)


Authenticity in Kurosawa

In: The Journal of Value Inquiry, 33, (1999), pp. 227-237


The Preface, the Lottery and the Logic of Belief’ (with James Hawthorne)

In: Mind, 108, (1999), pp. 241-264


Do Beliefs Supervene on Degrees of Confidence?’ 

In: Belief, Cognition and the Will, ed. by Anthonie Meijers, Tilburg University Press, Studies in General Philosophy of Science, 1999, pp. 27-40 


'The Value of Hope'

In: Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 59, (1999), 667-681





Moral Luck, Photojournalism and Pornography

In: The Journal of Value Inquiry, 32, (1998), 205-217


'Sequential Counterfactuals, Cotenability and Temporal Becoming'

In: Philosophical Studies, 90, (1998), pp. 79-101





The Backward Induction Argument for the Finite Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma and the Surprise Exam Paradox

In: Analysis, 57, (1997), 179-186





'Sequential Counterfactuals, Cotenability and Temporal Becoming'

In: Logica '96 - Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium, 41-53

Edited by Timothy Childress, Petr Kolar and Vladimir Svoboda.  Published by Filosofia, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.





The Intentional Acquisition of Mental States

In: Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 55, (1995), 821-840


"P and I Will Believe that Not-P": Diachronic Constraints on Rational Belief

In: Mind, 104, (1995), pp. 737-760





Coherence Arguments and Cyclical Moral Rankings

In: Philosophical Studies, 74, (1994), 369-384.


Rawls on Mutual Disinterest and Hume's Subjective Circumstances of Justice

In: Archiv fur Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, 80, (1994), 203-207.


Principles of Supervenience

In: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 72, (1994), pp. 294-301 


'The Future Variant of Moore's Paradox'

In: The British Tradition in 20th Century Philosophy.  Papers of the 17th International Wittgenstein Symposium Edited by Jaakko Hintikka and Klaus Puhl, Kirchberg am Wechsel, (1994)


'Principles of Supervenience'

Abstract in Journal of Symbolic Logic, (1994), 59, 1, pp. 346-347.


‘Book Review: HAUSMAN, D. M. Essays on Philosophy and Economic Methodology (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1992.)’ 

In: Review of Metaphysics, 47, (1994), 818-820.





Contextual Pluralism and the Libertarian Paradox

In: Archiv fur Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, 79, (1993), 188-197


‘Book Note: DANIELSON, P. Artificial Morality: Virtuous Robots for Virtual Games (New York, Routledge, 1992.)’

In: Political Studies, 41, (1993), p. 719.





Sour Grapes and Character Planning’   

In: Journal of Philosophy, 84, (1992), 57-78





Affirmative Action ‑ a Polish Example?

Newsletter (The Center for Values and Social Policy), Fall 1991

Reprinted in SOLOMON, R.C. (1994) Above the Bottom Line - an Introduction to Business Ethics (Harcourt, Fort Worth), pp. 337-339





'Can There Be More than One Set of Categories?'

In: Proceedings: Sixth International Kant Congress. The Pennsylvania State University, 1985, eds. G. Funke & Th. M. Seebohm, The Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology, copublished with the University Press of America, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. (1989).


'Situationist Charges versus Personologist Defenses and the Issue of Skills'

In: R.F. Dillon and J.W. Pellegrino (eds.) Testing--Theoretical and Applied Perspectives (Praeger, New York), pp. 199-217.




Book Review : Gauthier, D. Morals by Agreement, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1986, 367 pp

In: Theory and Decision, 24, (1988), 289‑293.





On Arguments from Self‑Interest for the Nash Solution and the Kalai Egalitarian Solution to the Bargaining Problem

In: Theory and Decision, 23, (1987), 231‑260


‘An Essay on Bargaining Theory’

In: Abstracts of the 8th International Conference of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Vol. 2, Moscow, (1987), 473‑476.


Henry James, Horse‑Racing and Relative Deprivation ‑ An Introduction to Rational Choice Theory’ (in Dutch)

Chapter in textbook on Social Theory by J. Verhoeven (ed.), Acco, Leuven, (1987)